The flow scales are self-report instruments designed to assess the
construct of flow, or optimal experience. The scales were
developed and validated primarily in physical activity settings; therefore,
most of the data discussed in this manual were collected from participants
in physical activity settings. The authors also present information
in the manual on the psychometric properties of the scales from initial
data collected in the areas of music and the creative performing arts,
in addition to sports, exercise, dance, and yoga.
Flow is a construct that both excites and mystifies those seeking to
understand and experience it. Because it represents those moments when
everything "comes together" for the performer, it is a much
sought-after state. It is not, however, an easy state to achieve for
most people; thus it can be perceived as being out of reach and somewhat
mysterious. Nonetheless, even though flow cannot be controlled and produced
on demand, it can be understood and is attainable for most people.
The two Flow Scales, FSS-2 (Flow State Scale-2) and DFS-2 (Dispositional
Flow Scale-2), were designed by Dr. Susan Jackson and Dr. Robert Eklund
to assist efforts to conduct quality empirical research in the area
of flow and contribute to the understanding of this important construct.
Online subscriptions to access the Flow Scales can be purchased for
6 months or 1 year. An online subscription to the Flow Scales
also includes access to the French and Japanese language versions
of the Flow Scales.
Included with the online subscription is the Flow Scales Manual. In
addition, we provide automated scoring for participants completing the
Flow Scales online at our website. Test users can also download the
Flow Scales and accompanying manual.
Flow Scales Manual
Responsibilities of Purchaser of Flow Scales
Introduction and Information for Users of the Flow Scales
Section I: Description of The Flow Scales Chapter 1. Introduction to the Flow Construct Chapter 2. Description of the Flow Dimensions Assessed by the
Flow Scales Chapter 3. Description and Use of the Dispositional Flow Scale-2
(DFS-2) and the Flow State Scale-2 (FSS-2)
Section II: The Development and Validation
of the Flow Scales Chapter 4. Development of the Original Flow Scales Chapter 5. Development of the Revised Flow Scales (DFS-2 &
FSS-2) Chapter 6. Psychometric Properties of the Flow Scales
Section III. Scoring Profiles on the DFS-2
and FSS-2 and Summary Chapter 7. Scoring Profiles of Different Activity Groups on
the Flow Scales Chapter 8. Summary of the Features of the Flow Scales
Flow Scale Scoring Keys
Example Profile Sheet
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